Storyboard :

A storyboard in a film is a layout of still pictures, a shot-by-shot plan, with words, showing the story events as they will be finally edited and on screen.

Use a STORYBOARD for ADAPTATIONS (of short stories etc.), radio plays, soaps (serial dramas), and EXPERIMENTAL PIECES.

Types of radio plays - fiction genres & mixed genre

STARTING-UP - GETTING THE 'IDEA' - TEAM-WORK - SCRIPTING

 Translating your sounds into diagrams, pictures and words is a challenging exercise.
 You have to re-board a number of times, consult with others perhaps, before this layout meets your final approval.
 This gives you the vision of the whole piece, how the sound events fit together, continuity and discontinuity, flow and composition.

How much content should be in your experimental piece Storyboard? It should be a total preview, if you can.

Different types of Storyboards

 Production Storyboard (READY FOR PRODUCTION): The complete production guide for you step-by-step, with as much detail as possible.
 Conceptual Storyboard (SCRIPTING): The sequence of images and ideas (concepts) to communicate the aural style of the piece. You could think of this as like a photo-essay. Arrange and re-arrange these elements to test yourself out.
 Rush Storyboard (IN THE MIDDLE OF PRODUCTION AND POSTPRODUCTION): This helps you in the planning stage and during your production & post-production work. Assemble all or most of the pieces and give them names. The name 'Rush' is taken from film - the rushes to be edited from each day's shoot, and viewing these rushes.
 DETAILED STORYBOARD OF THE MOST INTENSE SECTIONS: INTENSE SECTIONS + 'PURIFYING MOMENTS' + TRANSITIONS + other sections

Detailed storyboard of intense sections, such as -

 Montage
 Elaborate Mise-en-scene 'shot'
 scene transitions
 prologue
 ending

  Locations - moving your characters around and making your plot more exciting
  Location - Time-space rule or jump cut? CAN THE SAME CHARACTER BE IN THE FOLLOWING SCENE IN ANOTHER LOCATION - A LEAP IN TIME AND SPACE?

See Filmic - styles of radio drama directing and post-production which creatively relate to film

Example - THE COMPANY OF WOLVES (Angela Carter)

FIRST SECTION -  PROLOGUE: (to set up a couple of key Sound Effects (FXs), motifs and mood

1.  (FX WOLF HOWL)

2. (FX UNDERSCORING MUSIC - 'Wolf Theme'. ESTABLISH MUSIC THEME AND FADE OUT UNDER HEAVY BREATHING, SOUNDS OF MAN RUNNING THROUGH THE FOREST. SUDDEN CUT.)

3. NARRATOR: Before he may become a wolf, the lycanthrope strips stark naked.

(FX QUARTER LAYER 'stark naked'.)

4. (FX STRIPPING OF CLOTHING MIXED WITH HEAVY BREATHING)

5. (FX HEARTBEAT)

6. NARRATOR: If you spy a naked man among the pines, you must run as if the devil were after you.

7. (FX MUSIC BRIDGE - 'Wolf Theme') (FADE IN, BRING UP AS MUSIC BRIDGE.)

 NOTES on PROLOGUE: Some signature style techniques are shown here - the symbolical theme FX (WOLF HOWL), the MUSIC THEME (choose something unusual and see MUSIC for some ideas). Use perspective to place the MAN in the sound picture - a close up 'shot' in No. 2. We remain at the fixed sound centre, and the MAN goes running off.

SUDDEN CUT is also a signature style technique. It is a shock. And it introduces the listeners to the use of the short segment (a section shorter than a scene), as well as the short scene.

UNDERSCORING MUSIC - beware that this fights against the dialogue and the effects.

 

8. (HEAVY BREATHING AND HEARTBEAT INCREASES BEFORE COMING TO A SUDDEN HALT)

9. (FX GUNSHOT) (?)

 Note - gun shot needs to be distant if you want it at all. I don't like gun shots and thunder - unless they are far away - they are sudden maximum peak sounds. They confuse and annoy the listener easily. They may seem obvious choices - but who said that the obvious choice is the right one?

 10. FX (UNDERSCORING MUSIC) (?)

11. NARRATOR: Fear and flee the Wolf; for, worst of all, the wolf may be more than he seems.

 NOTES: Decide how this prologue comes to an end. Do you want to use the SUDDEN CUT TO SILENCE as a signature of your style? Do you want to use UNDERSCORING MUSIC as a music bridge (FADE UP MUSIC AS BRIDGE TO END OF THEME)? Do you need the UNDERSCORING MUSIC?
 
 SECOND SECTION

1.  (FX BIRD TWEETING SOUNDS. GIRL SINGING AND SKIPPING THROUGH THE WOODS)

1A. (FX 'GIRL' MUSIC THEME)?

 Note: Establish the young girl singing - she is important and you have to do the job and spend the time in the piece of establishing her. I suggest a significant music theme for the GIRL - a music theme (phrase) or leitmotif as it is called.

2. NARRATOR: It is the worst time in all the year for wolves, but this strong minded child insists she will go off through the wood.
She is quite sure wild beasts cannot harm her, although, well warned.
3. (FX: RUMAGING THROUGH BASKET)

4. RED: I shall lay the carving knife in the basket my Mother has packed with Cheeses.

 NOTE: ANOTHER leitmotif for the knife - to establish this and the girl's strength. A one note effect? Or something else?
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

MORE SCRIPT

NARRATOR: The flaxen haired girl will take delicious gifts to a reclusive grandmother, so old the burden of her years is crushing her to death.

(FX COUGHING OF GRANDMOTHER COUGHING AND SPLUTTERING MIXED IN WITH DISJOINTED STRING MUSIC)

RED: Granny lives three hours trudge through the winter woods.

NARRATOR: It is Christmas Eve. The malign door of the Solstice swings open upon its hinges.

(FX DOOR OPENING FROM HINGES)

But she has been too much loved to feel scared

(Last word repeated?)

(FX BABY CRYING?. ESTABLISHED FOR A FEW MOMENTS AND THEN CUT OFF)

NARRATOR: Children do not stay young for long in this savage country.
They work hard and play wise.
(FX STRUGGLING OF LABOURERS AND LUMBERJACKS IN FOREST)
But this one, so pretty and the youngest of the family, had been indulged by her mother and grandmother who'd…
RED: Knitted me this red shawl that…
NARRATOR: Today had the ominous but pink look of blood on snow. (Repeat end phrase)

RED: My breasts have just begun to swell.

NARRATOR: Her cheeks are on emblematic scarlet and white, and she has just started her woman's bleeding.

(FX CLOCK TICKING)

The clock that will henceforward strike once a month

(FX ALARM BELL RINGS)

NARRATOR: She stands and moves in a pentacle of her own virginity. She is an unbroken egg.

(FX EGG CRACKING)

She is a closed system.

(FX DOOR SLAMMING SHUT)

RED: I have my knife and I am afraid of nothing.

CONTINUING THROUGH THE SITE:   chaining sentences - (characters or character and narrator)

Styles of production, directing and post-production

    chaining sentences - (characters or character and narrator)

  doubling sentences - overlapping

(narrator and protagonist) 

  economy rule 
   

 To index

 

 

 

 

 

 

This site is 'Radio Drama - directing, acting, technical, learning & teaching, researching, styles, genres'. See INDEX to navigate also.  Complete curriculum of scripts, techniques (acting & directing & post-production & genre styles), advice, sound files - effects and atmoses (with no copyright and so free to use), detailed script commentaries, etc.

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